Wine label information

Most labels have the following information:

label of The Olive Cottage, Galveston
1. Name of winery

2. Appellation - Name
of the wine growing region.

3. Name of the vineyard(s)

4. Varietal name – If there is no varietal name, the wine is probably a blend (cuvee).
To be able to call a US wine by the vine grape variety, it must contain at least 75% of wine from that grape. Traditional wines from France, Italy, and Spain, use the place of origin instead of
the varieties.

5. Vintage – The year the grapes were grown. If there is no vintage, it is probably a mixture of wines made in different years.

Labeling laws and requirements will vary between countries.

Some labels have other technical data such as percentage of varietals if it is a blend, residual sugar, percentage alcohol, etc.

“Vieilles vignes”, “Vintner’s Reserve,” “Estate Reserve” or “Select”, etc. – Terms like these have no set (or legal) meaning, although within certain wineries these terms may have specific meaning.

Wine making information

  • In the USA, “Cellared and Bottled By” means that the winery bought the wine and bottled it.
  • “Made and Bottled By” means that the winery made at least 10% of the wine.
  • “Produced and Bottled By” means that the winery made at least 75% of the wine.
  • “Estate Bottled” means that the winery not only made 100% of the wine but also grew the grapes on land owned by the winery.
  • Contains sulfites.

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